The controversial Ohio marijuana legalization initiative has gone down to defeat, with voters rejecting it by a margin of 66% to 34%, according to early voting results. Local media outlets called the election minutes after vote counting began at 9:00pm. [Ed: The final split was 64% to 36%.]
[image:1 align:left]The initiative was sponsored by ResponsibleOhio, which gathered up 10 sets of investors willing to pony up $2 million each to get one of the 10 commercial marijuana cultivation sites envisioned in the initiative. Passage of the initiative would have locked this legal marijuana cultivation "monopoly" into the state constitution.
ResponsibleOhio's multi-million dollar advertising campaign was no match for an opposition that included not only all the usual suspects -- law enforcement, state political figures, business groups -- but also some of the state's marijuana legalization activist community. Some Buckeye activists were infuriated by what they saw as a bunch of suits coming in to take over their movement and render them irrelevant. But others [Ed: more thoughtfully] felt the funder-purchased oligopoly was inappropriate.
Both marijuana movement people and the state's political establishment hammered hard on the initiative's "monopoly" provision, with the Republican-dominated legislature even placing its own initiative, Issue 2, on the ballot. Issue 2 would make constitutional monopolies like ResponsibleOhio's initiative unconstitutional. That set up a potential legal confrontation in the event that both initiatives passed, but that question is now moot. (Issue 2 was passing at press time.)
Initiative proponents argued that even though commercial cultivation opportunities were strictly circumscribed, there would be plenty of opportunities for others to get into the pot business in the state, too. Retail outlets and pot processing facilities would have been licensed, providing numerous opportunities for business startups.
The initiative also would have protected medical marijuana patients, and was supported by the Ohio Rights Group, a medical marijuana advocacy group
Marijuana reform activists who opposed the ResponsibleOhio initiative said they could do better. Now they will have the chance. But so far no grassroots legalization or even medical marijuana initiative has gotten major funding, and volunteer-driven initiatives rarely if ever make the ballot. The legislature has also not been interested to date. Ohio still has a road ahead of it to get to reform.
It's election day in Ohio, a big money California legalization initiative rolls out, there's another national poll with a majority for marijuana legalization, Ireland takes big steps toward harm reduction, Germany gets set to deal with medical marijuana, and more.
[image:1 align:right caption:true]Marijuana Policy
Another National Poll Has a Majority for Legalization. A new Morning Consult poll has support for marijuana legalization at 55% nationwide. That's in line with other recent polls showing a majority for freeing the weed, including Gallup (58%), CBS News (53%), and Pew (53%). Click on the link for more details and methodology.
California Initiative With Big Bucks, Key Backers Rolls Out. A legalization initiative backed by tech philanthropist Sean Parker, other deep-pocketed funders, and leading state political figures such as Lt. Gov. Gavin Newsom (D) was filed Monday. The Control, Regulate and Tax Adult Use of Marijuana Act is the latest of a half-dozen initiatives filed in the state. At this early point, it stands the best chance of making the 2016 ballot, given the financial and political clout behind it. Look for a Chronicle feature article later this week.
Ohio Votes on Legalization Today. Voters go to the polls today to vote for or against the controversial ResponsibleOhio legalization initiative, which would create a 10-grower oligopoly on commercial cultivation, owned by the backers of the initiative. Voters will also have a chance to vote on Issue 2, which is designed to negate the initiative and future monopoly or oligopoly initiatives in the future. Late polls had the legalization initiative in a dead heat. Look for a Chronicle story once we have election results.
Vermont Senate Committee to Hold Legalization Hearing Next Week. The Senate Government Operations Committee will take testimony next Tuesday on proposals to legalize marijuana. The hearing is expected to seek answers to questions about how legalization would work. The legislature will consider legalization in the coming session.
Hillary Clinton Calls for Criminal Justice Reforms. In a speech last Friday, Democratic presidential contender Hillary Clinton called for a series of criminal justice reforms, including a ban on racial profiling, a ban on pre-employment questions about criminal histories, and the elimination of the remaining sentencing disparity between crack and powder cocaine. Bernie Sanders responded that criminal justice reform needs to include marijuana legalization, which he has endorsed.
Group of Studies Shows Mass Incarceration for Drugs Growing in Latin America. The Research Consortium on Drugs and the Law today released a series of new studies showing that mass imprisonment for drug offenses has increased across the region. You can read the reports here.
Ireland to Open Supervised Injection Sites, Looks Toward Drug Decriminalization. Irish drugs minister Aodhan O'Riordain said today that the government will open an injection site in Dublin next year, followed shortly by Cork, Galway, and Limerick. He also said he plans to push for the decriminalization of drug possession as part of a "radical cultural shift" in dealing with drug use.
Germany to Set Up Medical Marijuana Agency. The Ministry of Health has authored a draft bill that would allow sick Germans to use medical marijuana, with the substance to be prescribed and to be paid for by health insurers. The bill would not allow patients to grow their own. "It is our goal that in the future, more people in Germany will be able to receive cannabis as medicine than has been the case until now," said federal drugs commissioner Marlene Mortler. She said she wanted the bill pushed through the Bundestag by year's end, so the new law could go into effect next year.
(This article was prepared by StoptheDrugWar.org's lobbying arm, the Drug Reform Coordination Network, which also pays the cost of maintaining this web site. DRCNet Foundation takes no positions on candidates for public office, in compliance with section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code, and does not pay for reporting that could be interpreted or misinterpreted as doing so.)